Monsters of the Palaeozoic: sea scorpions

Eurypterids are an extinct group of Palaeozoic aquatic arthropods.

Stegosaurus

A type of prehistoric reptile having bony plates on its back, which aided thermoregulation.

Glaciation

The last Ice Age ended about 13 thousand years ago.

Trilobites

The ancestors of Arachnida and Crustacea belonged to the class Trilobita.

Woolly mammoth

Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.

Triceratops

A type of herbivorous dinosaur easily recognisable by its large frill and three horns which lived in the Cretaceous period.

Pteranodon longiceps

A prehistoric flying reptile, similar to birds. However, there is no direct evolutionary link between the two.

Continental drift on a geological timescale

The Earth's continents have been in constant motion during the history of the planet.

Ichthyostega

A prehistoric amphibian and an early representative of the Tetrapods, which became extinct 360 million years ago.

Sabre-toothed cat

Large, extinct species of cats named after the shape of their large canine teeth.

Tiktaalik

A transitional form between fish and tetrapods, or four-limbed vertebrates.

Prehistoric armoured fishes

Extinct species of fish which had thick ´armour´ protecting the head.

Ötzi, the Iceman

The mummified body of a man who probably lived in the Chalcolithic period, was found in one of the glaciers of the Alps.

Ichthyosaur

Fish-like marine dinosaurs which resembled dolphins; a good example of convergent evolution.

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