# News, tips and tricks

## Practical advice on developing students' memory and attention skills using mozaBook

28. novembra 2016Ildikó Libor

One of the keys to successful learning is having well developed memory and attention skills. Visual memory and attention can be improved with diverse exercises and games. It is possible to  prepare exercises for memory skill development within the framework of any subject. With the help of mozaBook’s tool set, this can be performed easily and playfully. A smartly chosen memory task can be a tool for motivation and teachers can easily build further exercises upon it.

While editing exercises, we should pay attention to the Magical Number Seven and gradualism, i.e. it is not worth inserting more than 7+2 elements on one slide.

It is highly important, especially in the beginning, to ask students what kind of techniques they use to memorize certain elements.

In math class, we can project number cards according to the selected number sets and relevant topics students are learning about. After a short time, around 60 seconds, we should cover the numbers which are to be written down by students from memory. They can write down the numbers in any order.

In case of broadening the number sets we are working with, we can continue the exercise, for example, with sorting them in increasing order, with the specification of neighbouring numbers, with rounding or with grouping them into sets. While practising operations, we can, for example, complement them to 10,000 and calculate the sum and the difference of the number pairs. Further exercises (for instance, true/false statements) can be created with the help of the test editor

We can also plan this exercise differently: after a short time of observation, we display another image. In this case, students only have to write down the changed numbers. We can further complicate the exercise by modifying the position, the colour or the font of the numbers.

Another options is to  spell the numbers with letters, let students spend some time trying to memorise them and then cover the numbers written in letters and show them the digits including one that has been modified. The task will be the same as in the previous exercise to find the number that was modified.

We can make the exercises more difficult with the editable word cards. This way, students can see the numbers one after another, rather than all at the same time. To make it more difficult, turn the cards faster the second time around. Then, students should write down the numbers, in random order.

The word cards can be used in the same way no matter which subject you are teaching. For instance, instead of numbers we can use words from the already learnt parts of speech, or the typical characteristics of given animals or plants in biology. In the latter case, you can ask your students to guess what animal the words on the cards are describing.

It is also possible to do the same exercise with the help of the dice, rather than memory cards, but, you might need some more experience with mozaBook for this. As any other mozaBook tool, the dice tool is editable and you can choose how many edges it should have and what numbers should appear on the edges. After rolling the dice, give students time to memorize, and then roll the dice again. Keep in mind that with this alternative, the same number might come up more than once.

With the help of mozaTools, you can create many different types of exercises to practice mental calculation, which help to develop attention skills and visual perception at the same time. It helps with solving the exercise if operations are animated. See images below to have more ideas of how you can use mozaBook to help your students develop memory and attention skills.

Tags: mozabook , mozatool , memory , primaryschool , primary , numbers