RNA

RNA

A polynucleotid made up of phosphoric acid, ribose, and nucleobases (cytosine, uracil, adenine and guanine).

Ķīmija

Atslēgvārdi

RNS, RNS ķēde, ribonukleīnskābe, nukleīnskābe, polinukleotīds, adenīns, uracils, citozs, guanīns, nukleotīds, messenger RNS, ribosomas RNS, pārnest RNS, fosforskābe, D-riboze, gene, biotehnoloģija, proteīns, aminoskābe, proteīnu sintēze, kodeks, antikodons, Organiskā ķīmija, ķīmija, Bioloģija, bioķīmija

Saistītie vienumi

Beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

DNA

Carrier of genetic information in cells.

Genome editing

Genome editing is a type of genetic engineering which results in changes in the genome of an organism. This animation presents one of the best-known genome...

Phosphate ion (PO₄³⁻)

A compound ion formed when a phosphoric acid molecule releases a proton.

Phosphoric acid (H₃PO₄)

It is also used as a food additive, limescale and rust remover.

Purine (C₅H₄N₄)

A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.

Pyrimidine (C₄H₄N₂)

A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.

Viruses

Viruses consist of protein and DNA or RNA; they reprogram infected cells to produce more viruses.

D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

The open-chain version of ribose, which occurs naturally in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Polymerisation of ethene

Polymerised ethylene is known as polyethylene, a type of plastic.

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