The Sun's path above the major circles of latitude

The Sun's path above the major circles of latitude

The apparent movement of the Sun is caused by the Earth's rotation around its axis.


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Susiję elementai


Susiję elementai

Change of seasons (intermediate)

Due to the Earth´s tilted axis, the angle of the Sun's rays at given latitudes continuously changes during the year.

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation of vegetation.

Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.


The Earth is a rocky planet with a solid crust and oxygen in its atmosphere.

Geographic coordinate system

The geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be exactly specified.

Greenhouse effect

Human activity increases the greenhouse effect and leads to global warming.

Laiko juostos

Geografiškai laiko juostos dalina Žemę į 24 lygias juostas, kiekvienoje juostoje galioja vienodas tos juostos laikas.

Measuring time

The first calendars and time-measuring instruments were already used by ancient Eastern civilisations.

Navigational instruments of the past

Several ingenious instruments have been invented over the centuries to help in navigating the seas.

Planets, sizes

The inner planets of the Solar System are terrestrial planets while the outer planets are gas giants.

Solar eclipse

When the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are arranged in a straight line, the Moon can partially or completely obscure the Sun.

The Solar System; planetary orbits

The orbits of the 8 planets in our Solar System are elliptical.

The Sun

The diameter of the Sun is about 109 times that of the Earth. Most of its mass consists of hydrogen.

Traditional Eskimo lifestyle

Igloos were the typical dwellings built by Eskimos living in the Arctic zone.

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