NAD⁺, NADP⁺, NADPH

NAD⁺, NADP⁺, NADPH

NAD⁺ is a coenzyme that plays an important role mainly in catabolic processes, while NADP is important in anabolic processes as hydrogen carriers.

Biologija

Raktiniai žodžiai

NAD, NADP, NADPH, Nikotinamido dinukleotidas, Nikotinamido dinukleotido fosfatas, Nukleotidas, Elektronų perdavimas, vandenilio transportas, Katabolinis procesas, Katabolizmas, anabolizmas, Kofermentas, nikotinamidas, adeninas, fosfatas, ribozės, biologija, biochemija, Chemija

Susiję elementai

Vaizdai

Susiję elementai

Enzymes

Enzymes are protein molecules catalysing biochemical reactions. Their activity can be regulated.

ADP, ATP

ATP is the main source of energy for cells.

Coenzyme A

An acyl-carrier coenzyme taking part in both anabolic and catabolic processes.

Beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Phosphoric acid (H₃PO₄)

It is also used as a food additive, limescale and rust remover.

Purine (C₅H₄N₄)

A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.

D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

The open-chain version of ribose, which occurs naturally in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Phosphate ion (PO₄³⁻)

A compound ion formed when a phosphoric acid molecule releases a proton.

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