Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction

Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction

During the substitution reaction the hydrogen atoms of methane are substituted with chlorine atoms, the by-product is hydrogen chloride.

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Methane (CH₄)

The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Dichloromethane (CH₂Cl₂)

It is produced by treating methane with chlorine gas and used as a solvent.

Trichloromethane, chloroform (CHCl₃)

Also known as chloroform, used as a solvent in laboratories, earlier as an anaesthetic.

Bromofluorochloromethane (CHClBrF)

The molecule has two enantiomers: stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other and...

Chlorine (Cl₂)

A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.

Chloromethane (methyl-chloride) (CH₃Cl)

Chloromethane can be prepared by heating a mixture of methane and chlorine.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

A colourless gas with a pungent odour, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.

Methyl formate (C₂H₄O₂)

The ester of formic acid and methanol, an aroma compound found in certain fruits.

Addition

Addition is a reaction in which the molecules of two or more substances unite without the...

Reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid

The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.

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