Yuri Gagarin’s journey to outer space (1961)

Yuri Gagarin’s journey to outer space (1961)

Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.



Gagarin, space flight, outer space, space research, spacecraft, Space Race, space cabin, rocket, Vostok 1, Baikonur, Soviet, Cold War, trajectory, weightlessness, USA, Soviet Union, gravitation

Related items


  • Is it true that Gagarin used his own parachute in the final phase of landing in 1961?
  • Is it true that the Soviet Union overtook the USA in the race to send humans into space?
  • What does 'Vostok' mean?
  • How old was Gagarin when he died?
  • Is it true that Gagarin was the first human to leave the Earth’s atmosphere?
  • Is it true that no living creature left the Earth’s atmosphere before Gagarin?
  • Which Soviet leader greeted Gagarin after his journey?
  • How old was Gagarin at the time of his flight in 1961?
  • Where was Gagarin’s spacecraft launched from?
  • How did Gagarin die?
  • How much time did Gagarin spend in space during his journey in 1961?
  • What was Gagarin’s original profession?
  • What was the name of the spacecraft Gagarin piloted during the mission?
  • What was the name of the Soviet Space center at the time of Gagarin’s flight?
  • Which program was announced by U.S. President John F. Kennedy after Gagarin’s flight?
  • How long did the launch procedure of Gagarin’s spacecraft take?
  • What was the name of Gagarin’s space suit?
  • What shape was the orbit of Gagarin’s spacecraft?
  • When did Gagarin’s first space flight take place?
  • Who was the first human to travel in space?
  • How many times did Gagarin fly in space?
  • How many orbits did Gagarin complete around the Earth during his journey in 1961?


On the launch pad

  • launch pad
  • spacecraft
  • engine
  • acceleration stage
  • first stage
  • second stage

The launch

Vostok 1

  • space cabin
  • gas balloons of the orientation system
  • service module
  • engine
  • antennas


Space cabin

  • catapult seat
  • optical aiming device




During the Cold War, the Soviet Union and the U.S., the two superpowers, were in competition in almost all fields of endeavor. Space technology played an especially important role in this competition. What American leaders had feared, finally happened in 1961: the Soviets sent the first man into outer space.

This great task was assigned to Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, a 27-year-old fighter pilot. Gagarin started his journey from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in present-day Kazakhstan aboard the Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961. A few minutes later, he became the first cosmonaut: the first human to leave the Earth’s atmosphere. His mission was a first in many respects: the first radio conversation from outer space, the first experience of zero gravity, etc.
According to records, the flight took 108 minutes. In this time, Gagarin’s spacecraft completed one orbit around the Earth.

He was greeted by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev after landing, and news of his journey spread all over the world. A few years later, Gagarin died in a plane crash, with many details of the circumstances still unexplained. But his name and the chronicle of his journey have been recorded in the history books.

Related items

Sputnik 1 (1957)

The Soviet-made satellite was the first spacecraft to be launched into outer space (in October 1957).


A spacecraft on its path is in a constant state of free fall.


The International Space Station is a habitable satellite built with the cooperation of 16 countries.

Kepler´s laws of planetary motion

The three important laws describing planetary motion were formulated by Johannes Kepler.

Moon landing: July 20, 1969

Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.

Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a manned, reusable spacecraft operated by NASA.

Apollo 15 mission (Lunar Rover)

The animation shows the two-seater Lunar Rover used in the Apollo 15 mission

Hubble Space Telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope orbits outside the distorting influence of Earth´s atmosphere.

Interesting astronomy facts

This animation presents some interesting facts in the field of astronomy.

Our astronomical neighborhood

A demonstration of nearby planets, stars and galaxies.

The Dawn mission

Studying Ceres and Vesta will help us learn more about the early history of the Solar System and how rocky planets are formed.

The development of celestial mechanics

This animation introduces the studies of astronomers and physicists whose works fundamentally changed our view of the universe.

The life-cycle of the Solar System

The formation of the Sun and the planets started with the contraction of a dust cloud about 4.5 billion years ago.

The New Horizons mission

The New Horizons space probe was launched in 2006, with the objective to study Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.

The Solar System; planetary orbits

The orbits of the 8 planets in our Solar System are elliptical.

Clothing (Western Europe,1960s)

Clothing reflects the lifestyle and culture of the region's inhabitants.

Kepler space telescope

The Kepler space telescope was launched by NASA to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars

Mars Exploration Program

Space probes and Mars rovers examine the structure of Mars and possible traces of life.

Satellite navigation, GPS

The Global Positioning System consists of 24 satellites but only 4 have to be visible for positioning.

Satellite types

Satellites orbiting the Earth can be used for civilian or military purposes.

Voyager space probes

The Voyager space probes were the first man-made objects to leave the Solar System. They gather data about outer space and carry information about humanity.

Fusion reactor

Nuclear fusion will serve as an environmentally friendly and practically unlimited source of energy.

Added to your cart.