The Statue of Liberty (New York)

The Statue of Liberty (New York)

The statue was donated by the French to the USA for the centenary of gaining independence.

History

Keywords

Statue of Liberty, New York, Liberty Island, Manhattan, Bartholdi, Hudson River, Declaration of Independence, torch, crown, observation deck, independence, symbol, Delacroix

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Questions

  • For what occasion did the U.S. receive the Statue of Liberty as\na gift?

Scenes

Original color

Narration

The Statue of Liberty was built on Liberty Island, New York, in the estuary of the Hudson River. The statue was given to the U.S. by France as a gift for the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. It was designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi.

The statue was completed by 1884 in France. The head had already been on exhibit at the Paris World Fair in 1878. It was shipped in 350 pieces to New York, in 1885. It took four months of work to assemble the pieces onto the monumental pedestal erected by the Americans.

The 46 meter (151.083 feet) tall statue was made of copper.

There is a broken chain at the feet of the statue, symbolizing freedom. The left hand holds a tablet with the date of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, inscribed on it, while there is a torch in the right hand. The original title of the statue was "Liberty Enlightening the World."

The seven spikes of the crown are said to symbolize the seven seas and the seven continents.

The internal frame of the statue was designed by the ingenious engineer Gustave Eiffel. Under the external copper sheets, there are hidden ladders and spiral stairs leading to the observation deck inside the crown and to the torch. However, parts or all of the statue have been closed at various times for reconstruction or for safety reasons.

The Statue of Liberty is not only an homage to the fight for freedom, but also one of the best known symbols of the U.S. It was included on the list of World Heritage Cultural sites in 1984.

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