Saber-toothed cat

Saber-toothed cat

Large, extinct species of cats named after the shape of their large canine teeth.

Biology

Keywords

saber-toothed cat, tiger, fossil, extinct, Pleistocene, miocene, canine, animal, vertebrates, mammal, predator, apex predator, carnivorous, biology

Related items

Scenes

Saber-toothed cat

  • Length: 1,5 m (4.921 ft)
  • Height: 1 m (3.281 ft)
  • Length of the head: 30 cm (11.81 in)
  • Length of the canines: 18-28 cm (7.09-11.02 in)
  • Mass: 160-280 kg (352.7-617.3 lb)
  • - Lions can only open their jaws approximately to a 65 degrees angle. In saber-toothed cats, the wide jaw opening was necessary because of the long canines.

Narration

The Smilodon fatalis, or saber-toothed cat, was an inhabitant of American grasslands. It fed mainly on large ungulates.

Based on the structure of its body, it could have been slower but far stronger and stockier than today’s big cats. It did not chase down its prey, but rather sneaked up on them. Saber-toothed cats quickly struck their prey with their powerful forelegs, and then used their canine teeth to slash their throats and necks.

American saber-toothed cats became extinct at the end of the last ice age, around 10,000 years ago. According to one theory, Native Americans reached the continent around this time as well. They could have been the reason why saber-toothed cats became extinct, either because they hunted for the same prey, thus starving the big cats, or because they wiped out these dangerous predators.

Related items

Types of dentition in mammals

The dentition of different species of mammals reflect their feeding habits.

Wooly mammoth

Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.

Dodo

The dodo is an extinct species of birds that used to be native to the island of Mauritius. It has become the symbol of extinction.

Giant panda

Let's learn about the bear species that became the symbol of species conservation.

Glaciation

The last Ice Age ended about 13 thousand years ago.

Homo erectus

The ‘upright man’ used tools and could set fire.

Human evolution

The brain and skull underwent significant changes during human evolution.

Human teeth

Humans have 4 types of teeth: incisors, canines, premolars and molars.

Paleolithic cave

The first dwellings in human history provide a lot of information about the lifestyle of our ancestors.

The spread of Homo sapiens on Earth

The 'wise man' originated in Africa and dispersed throughout most of the continents.

Domestic dog

Dogs are the domesticated subspecies of gray wolves.

European badger

The European badger is an omnivorous, nocturnal animal. Badger colonies live in large burrow systems, called setts.

European ground squirrel

Subterranean rodents widespread in Central- and Eastern Europe.

Northern white-breasted hedgehog

The Northern white-breasted hedgehog rolls into a ball to protect itself.

Red deer

Red deer are even-toed ungulates, ruminants. Their males have spectacular antlers.

Added to your cart.