Pyrimidine (C₄H₄N₂)

Pyrimidine (C₄H₄N₂)

A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.

Chemistry

Keywords

pyrimidine, nitrogen-containing organic compound, heterocyclic compound, heteroatom, pyrimidine skeleton, cytosine, thymine, uracil, nucleic acid, nucleotide, vitamin, DNA, RNA, base pair, organic chemistry, chemistry, biochemistry, biology

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Purine (C₅H₄N₄)

A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.

DNA

Carrier of genetic information in cells.

Organization of genetic material

Eukaryotic cells with nuclei measuring only a few micrometers may contain nearly 2 meters (6.6 ft) of DNA, coiled multiple times.

RNA

A polynucleotid made up of phosphoric acid, ribose, and nucleobases (cytosine, uracil, adenine and guanine).

Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.

Benzene (C₆H₆)

Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.

Beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Covalent bonds in benzene molecules

In benzene there are sigma bonds and delocalized pi bonds between carbon atoms.

Imidazole (C₃H₄N₂)

A biologically and practically important organic compound.

Naphtalene (C₁₀H₈)

The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.

Pyridine (C₅H₅N)

A basic heterocyclic organic compound; a colorless, pungent toxic liquid.

Pyrrole (C₄H₅N)

A heterocyclic organic compound.

Styrene (vinyl benzene) (C₈H₈)

A colorless liquid with an odor similar to benzene. The monomer of polystyrene.

Tardigrade

Tardigrades can survive in extreme environments, they can even stay alive in outer space.

2-deoxy-beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₄)

A component of DNA, it contains one less hydroxyl group than β-D-ribose.

Benzoic acid (C₆H₅COOH)

The simplest of the aromatic carboxylic acids.

Molecule exercise VII (Organic nitrogen compounds)

An exercise about the groups and structure of organic nitrogen compounds.

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