Molecule exercise V (Oxo compounds)

Molecule exercise V (Oxo compounds)

An exercise about the groups and structure of oxo compounds.

Chemistry

Keywords

molecule, oxygen-containing organic compounds, alcohol, ether, oxo compound, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, hydroxyl group, carbonyl group, keto group, oxo group, carboxyl group, constitutional isomer, functional group, silver mirror test, valence, polyvalent, organic compound, exercise, practicing, organic compounds, chemistry

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Molecule exercise VI (Carbohydrates)

An exercise about the groups and structure of mono-, di- and polysaccharides.

Acetaldehyde (ethanal) (CH₃CHO)

An aldehyde which is an important raw material and intermediate product in industry.

Acetic acid (ethanoic acid) (CH₃COOH)

One of the products of the oxidation of ethanol.

Dimethyl ether (C₂H₆O)

A colorless gas with a typical odor, produced by dehydrating methanol.

Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) (C₂H₅OH)

The best known alcohol, important in the food industry.

Ethyl acetate (C₄H₈O₂)

One of the most important esters, produced by the reaction of ethanol and acetic acid.

Formic acid (methanoic acid) (HCOOH)

Formic acid is the simplest carboxylic acid.

Glycerol (propane-1,2,3-triol) (C₃H₈O₃)

A triol that is often used as an ingredient of creams and ointments.

Methanol (methyl alcohol) (CH₃OH)

The simplest saturated alcohol. A highly toxic compound, easily confusable with ethanol.

Methyl formate (C₂H₄O₂)

The ester of formic acid and methanol, an aroma compound found in certain fruits.

Phenol (C₆H₅OH)

The simplest of the aromatic hydroxy compounds.

1-butanol (C₄H₁₀O)

A 4-carbon alcohol commonly used as a solvent.

Acetone (C₃H₆O)

The simplest representative of ketones.

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