Milestones of sculpture
The animation shows five outstanding works in the history of sculpture.
Discobolus, Venus, David, The Thinker, Myron, Alexandros, Aphrodite, Michelangelo, Rodin, Boccioni, statue, sculpture, visual arts, history of art, Greek, Louvre, British Museum, Florence, New York, Futurism, impresszionizmus, Hellenistic period, marble, bronze, art, artistic work, world famous, history, work of art
Sculptor: Myron (Myron of Eleutherae)
Date of creation: 5th century B.C.
Location: the original has been lost
The most famous work of the ancient Greek sculptor, dating back to the Severe Period of Greek sculpture portrays a young athlete caught in the culminating act of throwing the disc.
In keeping with the custom of the age, the athlete is completely nude.
The human body is well proportioned and its details are anatomically accurate. Despite its motionlessness, the sculpture is outstandingly dynamic.
The original sculpture has been lost, as have all other works of Myron. Today, one can only find later marble copies of the original, e.g. at the British Museum or at the Museo Nazionale Romano.
Venus de Milo
Title: Venus de Milo
Sculptor: Alexandros of Antioch (?)
Date of creation: 2nd century B.C.
Location: Louvre Museum, Paris, France
It is one of the most famous statues of Antiquity, depicting the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite. Venus was the Roman name for the same goddess. The name 'Venus de Milo' testifies to the statue´s place of discovery.
More than two meters (6.56 ft) high, the statue was sculpted in the late Hellenistic Period. The upper body of the goddess is nude while her lower body is draped in a cloak. Her arms are missing. Originally, she was probably holding a golden apple presented to her by Paris, the Prince of Troy.
The great fame of the Parian marble statue was not simply the result of its admired beauty, but it also owed much to the French propaganda in the 19th century. Today it is still one of the most famous statues of Venus.
Sculptor: Michelangelo Buonarroti
Date of creation: 1503
Location: Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence, Italy
The sculpture was carved from huge Carrara marble blocks stored at the construction site of the Cathedral of Florence. In 1463, the cathedral workshop commissioned the sculptor Agostino di Duccio to carve 'a giant'. However, he only managed to begin the shaping of the statue. It was Michelangelo who completed the work in the 16th century.
More than five meters high (16.4 ft), the statue is one of the most famous representations of David suggesting strength and determination. David´s weight is on his right leg, which is straight, while his left leg is in a peculiar oblique position. The boy is holding a slingshot in his left, oversized hand. Anatomically correct, the figure is dominated by the head turned to the left with a stern look in the eyes.
In every period of history, art has reflected the way of thinking, desires and emotions of artists. Certainly, all individual forms of expression share some common, universal content.
Discobolus, or the Discus-thrower is a statue created in the 5th century B.C., during the Severe Period of Greek sculpture. The original bronze statue is one of Myron´s most famous works. The sculpture portrays a young athlete caught in the culminating act of throwing the discus. The details of the human body are anatomically correct.
Unfortunately, the original sculpture is lost. Today, one can only find later marble copies of the original, for example at the British Museum and at the Museo Nazionale Romano.
Created in the 2nd century B.C., the Venus de Milo is one of the most prominent sculptures of the Hellenistic Period. The second part of its name refers to its place of discovery, a small Greek island. The sculpture is considered one of the world´s most famous statues of Venus. This marble statue is unique for its missing arms.
Initially, she was probably holding a golden apple in one of her hands, presented to her by the Prince of Troy, Paris.
Similarly to the goddess of love, the figure of David has always been popular among sculptors. One of the most famous representations of David is that of Michelangelo, the Renaissance master. The colossal statue was carved in Carrara marble in the early 16th century. The artist´s work displays great anatomical accuracy.
One of the works of the French sculptor Rodin, the Thinker, was sculpted in the second half of the 19th century. The figure representing Adam exhibits traces of both impressionism and symbolism, styles which influenced the artist. The figure was originally part of a bigger commission, the creation of the gates of hell. The impressive bronze statue renders the effort of thinking into a palpable form.
The bronze sculpture of Umberto Boccioni, a futurist artist, is a perfect example of the exploration of movement that characterised the trend. Unique Forms of Continuity in Space is a successful attempt by the artist to convey the dynamics of movement. Created on the eve of World War I, the sculpture portrays a striding figure. Instead of creating a static and well balanced form, Boccioni opted for a display of speed and lack of harmony.
The characteristic ancient Greek statue was found on the bottom of the Adriatic Sea.
One of the Croatian sculptor's most famous works depicts a woman wearing a traditional costume.
These Paleolithic statuettes probably symbolize fertility and prosperity.
One of the most beautiful Art Nouveau buildings in Hungary.
The Votive Church of Szeged, located on the Great Plains of Hungary, emerges from the buildings of the city's famous square, while the National Pantheon can...
The Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology were as diverse as humans.
The medieval bell tower of the Cathedral of Pisa is the most famous leaning tower of the world.
The city with advanced culture was the first settlement in history to have a citadel.
The first indoor theater in modern history to be constructed according to the theater-building codes of Antiquity was inaugurated in 1585.
A rock relief located in Northeast Bulgaria, probably carved at the end of the 7th century.
The statue was donated by the French to the USA for the centenary of gaining independence.
The theater that has a distinctive shape and excellent acoustics was situated at the side of the Acropolis in Athens.
This Pacific island is famous for its unique monolithic human figures.
The Olympic Games, held in the town every 4th year after 776 B.C. made it one of the centers of ancient Greece.
Today only one of the Wonders of the Ancient World is still intact: the Pyramids of Giza.
The world's most famous citadel, the Acropolis of Athens was built in the 5th century B.C., during the Age of Pericles.
The masterpieces of ancient Greek potters are important archeological artifacts.
Visit the workshop of the Renaissance polymath and his most influential inventions and works of art.
The Doric, Ionic and Corinthian order of columns are different in size and ornamentation as well.