Medical conditions of the spine

Medical conditions of the spine

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a lateral deviation.

Biology

Keywords

medical conditions of the spine, scoliosis, posture, spine, roundback, sway back, flat back, Bad posture, orthopaedic, vertebra, back, skeleton, cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebra, lumbar vertebra, kyphosis, lordosis, physiotherapist, physiotherapy, human, biology

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A healthy spine has a characteristic double S-shaped curvature, which develops in children by the ages of 8-10. A backward curve in the spine is called kyphosis, while a forward curve is called lordosis. These together define the double S-shaped curvature of the spine.

Bad posture and a lack of exercise may lead to medical conditions that involve a change in the curvature of the spine. Initially, the change may not cause damage to the vertebrae, but in the long term, this may also occur. If left untreated, improper posture and the weakness of the dorsal muscles may result in scoliosis. A round back is a condition that involves increased thoracic kyphosis; that is, the arch of the upper part of the back becomes more pronounced than normal. The shoulders and the head often lean forwards. This condition usually causes back pain. In addition, the chest is then always in an exhaling position, which makes it difficult to inhale and reduces breathing efficiency. This may result in fatigue and a decrease in performance.

Poor posture can be treated and further deterioration prevented with muscle strengthening exercises. Regular exercise is very important; swimming, volleyball or handball can be especially helpful. Poor posture is easy to improve; treatment can prevent irreversible deformations of the skeletal system, which, once formed, become even worse with age.

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a lateral deviation. This often develops during the adolescent growth spurt. Scoliosis can also be congenital, but it may also be caused by the use of an unsuitable chair or bed as well as by an uneven load on the back or improper posture. Characteristically, the patient's back grows tired after an extended period of sitting or standing, one side of the shoulders or hips appears higher than the other, and limping, back pain and a reduced exercise capacity are also common.

The risk of developing scoliosis can be greatly reduced by exercise. Regular exercise, especially swimming, may also improve existing scoliosis. Orthopedic specialists may prescribe further treatment, such as physiotherapy and the use of a brace. However, in severe cases, surgery may also be necessary. If left untreated, the abnormal curvature may persist and can lead to serious problems.

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