Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Siege engines

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Siege engines

Leonardo was not only a master artist, but also an accomplished military engineer.

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Siege defense for castle walls

Siege defense for castle walls (1482–1485)

In addition to designing offensive weapons, Leonardo also directed much attention to the development of defense equipment.

One of these was a defense system for castle walls. It served to push the enemy's ladders away from the wall.

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Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - armored car

The design for the armored car features the most important military requirements: reliability, portability and great firepower.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - War machines

Leonardo also designed a wide variety of artillery weapons.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Aerial screw (around 1489)

The polymath thought that if a screw-like structure can rotate fast enough, it will 'drill' into the air and fly.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Flapping wing (1487–1489)

Leonardo based the design of the flapping wing on birds' wings and a faulty hypothesis.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Flying machine (1488–1489)

The aim of this extraordinarily complex study was to mimic the different phases of the flight of birds.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Mechanical wing (1493–1495)

The mechanical wing is one of the masterpieces among Leonardo's sketches related to aviation.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Swing bridge (1487-1489)

Leonardo's creative legacy also includes several projects related to bridges. This unusual swing bridge allowed for undisturbed water traffic.

Ancient Roman siege engines

Ancient Roman conquerors had effective siege engines developed for attacking fortifications.

Archimedes’s military inventions (3rd century B.C.)

Archimedes was one of the most brilliant Greek scholars of ancient times, who made his mark with military inventions as well.

Macedonian siege tower (4th century BC)

The army of Alexander the Great successfully deployed siege towers in its attacks against fortifications.

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