Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Flapping wing (1487–1489)

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Flapping wing (1487–1489)

Leonardo based the design of the flapping wing on birds' wings and a faulty hypothesis.

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Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Aerial screw (around 1489)

The polymath thought that if a screw-like structure can rotate fast enough, it will 'drill' into the air and fly.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Flying machine (1488–1489)

The aim of this extraordinarily complex study was to mimic the different phases of the flight of birds.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Mechanical wing (1493–1495)

The mechanical wing is one of the masterpieces among Leonardo's sketches related to aviation.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - armored car

The design for the armored car features the most important military requirements: reliability, portability and great firepower.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Siege engines

Leonardo was not only a master artist, but also an accomplished military engineer.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - Swing bridge (1487-1489)

Leonardo's creative legacy also includes several projects related to bridges. This unusual swing bridge allowed for undisturbed water traffic.

Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions - War machines

Leonardo also designed a wide variety of artillery weapons.

Otto Lilienthal’s glider

The German engineer Otto Lilienthal was the first person to make successful flights with a glider designed by himself.

Daedalus and Icarus

An ancient Greek myth about the tragedy of father and son who wanted to flee the island of Crete.

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