The ‘upright man’ used tools and could set fire.
Homo erectus, upright man, upright posture, Homo sapiens, prehistoric man, chipped stone tool, prehistory, lifestyle, gathering, skull, brain, toolmaking, hand ax, brain volume, development, fire, tool use, control of fire, history, species, origin
- Hand ax - The teardrop-shaped tool was made by chipping off parts of a large flint pebble. This paleolithic stone tool was used for many purposes, it is the longest-used tool of human history.
Homo erectus is an extinct species of primitive man. The Latin word ‘homo’ means human, while ‘erectus’, meaning upright, describes the posture.
The ‘upright man’ is believed to have appeared on Earth about 1.5 million years ago and to have disappeared about 200 thousand years ago. The exact time of its appearance, its origin and its classification have been and continue to be a subject of controversy. What is certain is that Homo erectus originated in Africa and then migrated to Europe and Asia.
Homo erectus walked upright, its body was more athletic and muscular than that of modern man, featuring longer legs and shorter arms.
The ‘upright man’ also had distinctive cranial features. These include a long and low neurocranium, a sloping forehead, strong and protruding brow ridges and a wide mandible.
Homo erectus was partly nomadic, partly sedentary; presumably, it lived on hunting and gathering. They made their own simple tools; their stone tools were shaped by chipping.
Their typical implement was the teardrop-shaped hand ax, which was used for many purposes. They probably also used tools made from bone and wood, but this has not yet been proven by archeological finds.
This animation demonstrates the development of the ax throughout archeological periods.
The brain and skull underwent significant changes during human evolution.
The 'wise man' originated in Africa and dispersed throughout most of the continents.
The first dwellings in human history provide a lot of information about the lifestyle of our ancestors.
The last Ice Age ended about 13 thousand years ago.
As a result of the revolutionary advances in the Neolithic, settling human communities established the first lasting settlements.
Large, extinct species of cats named after the shape of their large canine teeth.
The two main parts of the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord are protected by the skull and the spinal column.
A transitional form between fish and tetrapods, or four-limbed vertebrates.
Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.
This animation introduces the most important organ systems of the human body.
Our body´s internal support structure to which skeletal muscles are attached.
An extinct group of Cephalopoda, with solid external skeletons. They are excellent index fossils.
Long-necked herbivorous dinosaur with a robust body.
The archaeopteryx shows characteristics of both birds and reptiles. It is probably the ancestor of birds.
This animation presents some animals and plants that lived between the Devonian and Permian periods (358-299 million years ago).
Deinonychus antirrhopus, the "terrible claw", was a carnivorous dromaeosaurid dinosaur.
A prehistoric amphibian and an early representative of the Tetrapods, which became extinct 360 million years ago.
The mummified body of a man who probably lived in the Chalcolithic period, was found in one of the glaciers of the Alps.
A prehistoric flying reptile, similar to birds. However, there is no direct evolutionary link between the two.
A type of prehistoric reptile having bony plates on its back, which aided thermoregulation.
Large carnivores, perhaps the best known of dinosaurs.
A type of herbivorous dinosaur easily recognizable by its large frill and three horns which lived in the Cretaceous period.
The ancestors of Arachnida and Crustacea belonged to the class Trilobita.