Flat feet

Flat feet

Flat feet, or fallen arches, may cause a number of health problems.

Biology

Keywords

flat feet, fallen arch, arch of the foot, longitudinal arch, rib vault, footprint, foot, calcaneus, tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, phalanx bones, bone, tibia, fibula, orthopaedic shoe, human, orthopaedics, biology

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Narration

Flat feet represent a deformity of the feet in which the arches of the feet collapse, with the entire sole of each foot coming into complete contact with the ground. This condition is easy to recognize from footprints. To make footprints, just place your wet feet on a sheet of paper. If you see an image of almost the entire soles of your feet, you have flat feet.

In flat feet the muscles are not tense enough; therefore, the feet are less able to bear the weight of the body. People who have flat feet may not be able to walk or stand for an extended period of time, they may grow tired quickly or feel pain around the joint of the ankle. They may also have cramps and swelling in their calves.
When the position of the feet is incorrect due to flat feet, joints may become injured and painful. Knock-knees or scoliosis, that is, curvature of the spine, may also form. Flat feet may also lead to a malformation of the ankles and the pronation of the feet.

In addition to hereditary factors, another cause of the formation of flat feet is that the strength of ankle ligaments is not proportionate to the body due to the strain. In early childhood, training muscles and ligaments, by walking barefoot, for example, can facilitate the formation of arches and thus prevent the formation of flat feet. Later on, wearing arch-support insoles or, in severe cases, orthopedic shoes may help relieve symptoms.

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