Ethylene glycol (ethane-1,2-diol) (C₂H₆O₂)
The simplest diol.
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Ethylene glycol, 1,2-ethanediol C₂H₆O₂
Molar mass: 62.07 g/mol
Melting point: -15 °C (5 °F)
Boiling point: 198 °C (388.4 °F)
Density: 1.1135 g/cm³ (0.0402 lb/in³)
Heat of combustion: -1,189.2 kJ/mol
Ethylene glycol is a colorless, poisonous, syrupy, sweet-tasting liquid. It dissolves well in water, but does not dissolve in non-polar solvents at all.
Occurrence and production
It is produced from ethene, or ethylene.
It is used in antifreeze fluids in cars and for preventing ice formation on aircraft. A large volume of glycol is used in the plastics industry, and in the manufacture of polyethylene terephthalate, or PET.
The best known alcohol, important in the food industry.
A triol that is often used as an ingredient of creams and ointments.
The simplest saturated alcohol. A highly toxic compound, easily confusable with ethanol.
A 4-carbon alcohol commonly used as a solvent.
One of the products of the oxidation of ethanol.
The best known of ethers.
The second member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.
One of the most important esters, produced by the reaction of ethanol and acetic acid.
The simplest aldehyde.
A colorless, slightly viscous, hygroscopic liquid used in the production of formic acid, hydrogen cyanide and other organic compounds.
The simplest aldose, an optically active compound.
An exercise about the groups and structure of oxo compounds.