Ancient Greek pottery
The masterpieces of ancient Greek potters are important archeological artifacts.
vase, vase painting, black-figure, red-figure, antiquity, Greek, pot, Ancient Greek, amphora, calyx, clay, ceramics, art, decoration, mythology
- - Created around 540 B.C. by the most important black-figure painter, the amphora depicts two Greek heroes playing dice during a respite in the Trojan War.
- - The flat, wide drinking cup with raised pedestal base was formed and painted by the most important black-figure painter around 540-530 B.C. The kylix has two horizontal handles and its interior surface depicts a mythological scene.
- - The vase has a large cylindrical body gracefully tapered towards the base, and a short flanged neck with a cup-shaped mouth. Showing scenes of daily life, the vase was created around 500 B.C.
- - A bowl used for mixing wine. Created around 440 B.C., it depicts Orpheus playing charming music.
- - Its creator was a student of Exekias. It was in his pottery workshop that the new vase painting technique emerged, i.e. the red-figure style. This amphora was made around 530 B.C.
- - Depicting theater scenes, it was created around 400-390 B.C. It is a krater characterized by low handles protruding from the base of the bowl, used for mixing wine.
Since a large number of Greek wall paintings and other decorations have been destroyed, vases are the most important surviving works of ancient Greek painting.
Clay pots were first fired, then painted and, eventually, re-fired. Very fine, decorated objects are referred to as ceramics. Thus, vases are not only objects for ordinary use, but also pieces of art. The well known, high quality Greek ceramics were characterized by a diversity of shapes.
The first period of pottery painting is called Geometric. The Greeks used simple geometric motifs to create complex and complicated decorations. In this period, both human and animal figures were depicted, but in a simplified form.
With the increasing role of religion, the Archaic Period was marked by pottery that depicted mythological scenes. It was during this period that the black-figure style emerged; artists painted black images silhouetted against a red clay background.
In the later stages of pottery painting, both mythological themes and scenes from everyday life were the most preferred motifs.
The Classical Period introduced a new technique, the red-figure style. The first step in the complex process was painting the entire pot red. Afterwards, it was coated with a black glaze, leaving spaces for the figures. Lastly, the decoration was completed by drawing the details.
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