Airport

Airport

Airports provide infrastructure and services necessary for aviation.

Geography

Keywords

airport, transportation, aviation, airplane, logistics, infrastructure, service, trade, commerce, passenger transportation, industry, environmental pollution, air pollution, noise pollution, terminal, runway, map, Earth globe, Earth, human geography, society, geography

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Scenes

The development of air transportation began with the first powered flight of the Wright brothers in 1903; however, its importance has only increased since World War II. Even though the proportion of cargo flights is constantly increasing, especially when it comes to expensive goods, the key role of air transportation still lies in carrying passengers. The busiest airports in the world are in Atlanta, Beijing and London.

An airport is a place where planes take off and land. It also offers passenger services as well as ground handling services. In addition, planes are stored, maintained and repaired at the airport. Air traffic control is responsible for coordinating the take-offs and landings of airplanes within a 10-15-km (6.2-9.3-mi) radius of the airport and determining the safe following-distance, taking air traffic and weather conditions into account.

The design of the runway depends primarily on the prevailing wind direction and traffic conditions. The taxiway leads from the runway to the terminals . The apron, the necessary fuel and power lines and water pipes are located near the terminals inside which passenger services are provided. Warehouses and facilities related to the transportation of goods are located separately.

To avoid noise pollution, airports have to be situated at safe distances from settlements, therefore high-speed rail and motorway connections are becoming important requirements for the easy access to airports. Thankfully, impressive results are being achieved nowadays in noise mitigation. However, an even more serious problem is air pollution as the engines of airplanes emit carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons, thus polluting the air especially during take-off and landing.

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  • expressway

  • expressway

Narration

The development of air transport began with the Wright brothers' first powered flight in 1903; however, the importance of this form of transport has only increased since World War II. Even though the proportion of cargo flights is constantly increasing, especially when it comes to expensive goods, the key role of air transport still lies in carrying passengers. The busiest airports in the world are in Atlanta, Beijing and London.

An airport is a place where planes take off and land. It also offers passenger services as well as ground handling services. In addition, planes are stored, maintained and repaired at the airport. Air traffic control is responsible for coordinating airplane take-offs and landings, within a 10-15-km (6.2-9.3-mi) radius of the airport, and determining a safe following-distance, taking air traffic and weather conditions into account.

The design of the runway depends primarily on the prevailing wind direction and traffic conditions. The taxiway leads from the runway to the terminals. The apron, with the necessary fuel and power lines and water pipes, is located near the terminals, in which passenger services are provided. Warehouses and facilities related to the transport of goods are located separately.

To avoid noise pollution, airports have to be situated at safe distances from built-up areas, so high-speed rail and motorway connections are becoming important requirements for easy access to airports. Thankfully, impressive results are being achieved nowadays in noise mitigation. However, an even more serious problem is air pollution, as airplane engines emit carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons, especially during take-off and landing.

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