Volcanic activity

This animation demonstrates different types of volcanic eruptions

The Sun's path above the major circles of latitude

The apparent movement of the Sun is caused by the Earth's rotation around its axis.

Hotspots

Hotspots are areas of the Earth´s crust where magma often rises to the surface and causes volcanic activity.

Deep-sea hydrothermal vents

A hydrothermal vent is a fissure in the planet's surface through which geothermally heated water erupts.

Lightning

Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge accompanied by a sound known as thunder.

Cloud formation, types of clouds

Evaporating surface water forms clouds of various shapes from which water falls back to the surface as precipitation.

Tsunami

Tsunami waves are very high waves of immense destructive power.

Faulting (intermediate)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move vertically along the fracture planes.

Layers of the ocean

Physical properties, as well as the flora and fauna of the ocean change with depth.

The water cycle (intermediate)

Water on Earth is in a continuous state of change. The water cycle includes processes such as evaporation, precipitation, melting and freezing.

How do seas shape the Earth's surface?

Seawater, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping coastlines.

The development of lakes

Standing bodies of water can form in depressions on the surface by both endogenic and exogenic forces, as well as by human activity.

Tornadoes

Short-lived but extremely powerful tornadoes can cause a great deal of damage.

Icebergs

Icebergs are blocks of frozen freshwater floating in the sea.

Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

Aeolian landforms in deserts

Wind, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping deserts.

Tectonic plates

Tectonic plates can move in relation to each other.

Earthquake

An earthquake is one of the most devastating natural phenomena.

Rivers and landforms

Rivers play an important role in shaping the Earth's surface: they cause erosion as well as carrying and depositing sediment.

Terms of physical geography

This animation demonstrates the most important relief features, surface waters and their relevant symbols.

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