Vinyl chloride (chloroethylene) (C₂H₃Cl)
The monomer of PVC.
vinyl chloride, chloroethylene, alkyl halide, halogen containing organic compound, unsaturated, vinyl group, monomer, polymer, polymerisation, PVC, polyvinyl chloride, addition, toxic, organic chemistry, chemistry
Vinyl chloride C₂H₃Cl
Molar mass: 62.5 g/mol
Melting point: -153.7 °C
Boiling point: -13.4 °C
Density: 0.0029 g/cm³
Relative steam density (air=1): 2.2
Vinyl chloride is a monomer of PVC, a colourless, odourless, heavier-than-air, toxic gas. It is highly flammable and explosive. It dissolves well in alcohol and ether but less well in water. Its typical reactions are addition and polymerisation. It breaks down when burnt, forming toxic, corrosive substances.
Vinyl chloride is produced through the pyrolysis of 1,2 dichloroethane, which in turn is prepared by a reaction of ethylene and chlorine or in a reaction of acetylene and hydrogen chloride.
Polyvinyl chloride (or PVC) is produced by polymerising vinyl chloride.
Colourless, toxic liquid with a sweet odour.
Chloromethane can be prepared by heating a mixture of methane and chlorine.
It is produced by treating methane with chlorine gas and used as a solvent.
The first member in the homologous series of 1-alkenes.
Also known as chloroform, used as a solvent in laboratories, earlier as an anaesthetic.
The second member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.
Polymerised ethylene is known as polyethylene, a type of plastic.
Colourless, odourless gas, the monomer of teflon.
A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.