Types of bone articulations
Human bones are joined together by cartilaginous or synovial joints, sutures or they can fuse together.
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- How are the occipital and the frontalis bones joined together?
- How are the parietal and the occipital bones joined together?
- How are the femur and the tibia joined together?
- Which word follows next in the list?\nfemur, patella, tibia, ...
- How are sacral vertebrae joined together?
- How are the sacrum and the first lumbar vertebra joined together?
- How are the sternum and the 3rd pair of ribs joined together?
- How are the sternum and the 11th pair of ribs joined together?
- How are the sternum and the false ribs joined together?
- What type of joints can be found in the spinal column?
- What type of joints can be found in the skull?
- What type of joint cannot be found in the skull?
- What kind of joint cannot be found in the spinal column?
- How are the femur and the pelvis joined together?
- How are the ischium and the pubis joined together?
- Which type of joint is flexible?
- Which type of joint is semi-rigid?
- Which type of joint is rigid?
- Which type of joint is typically found between the long bones of the human body?
- How are ribs and vertebrae joined together?
- skull - Its bones are connected by sutures. The only exception is the mandible, which is connected to the skull by a synovial joint.
- sternum - It is formed by the fusion of three bones. Ribs are connected to it by cartilages.
- ribs - True and false ribs are connected to the sternum by costal cartilages and to the vertebrae by synovial joints. The first seven pairs of ribs are called true ribs, as they are connected to the sternum directly, by cartilages. The next 3 pairs of ribs are called false ribs: these are connected to the cartilage of the lower true ribs. The last 2 sets of ribs, the floating ribs are not connected to the sternum.
- spinal column - It consists of vertebrae, connected by cartilaginous joints forming intervertebral discs.
- sacrum - It is formed by the fusion of 5 sacral vertebrae.
- coccyx - It is formed by the fusion of 3–5 coccygeal vertebrae.
- hip bone (coxal bone) - It is formed by the fusion of three paired bones.
- bones of the upper limb - These bones are typically joined together by synovial joints, which allow relatively free movement of the bones.
- bones of the lower limb - These bones are typically joined together by synovial joints, which allow relatively free movement of the bones.
- parietal bone
- temporalis bone
- frontalis bone
- occipital bone
- bones of the facial skeleton - The mandible is joined to the other bones by synovial joints, the other bones are joined together by sutures.
- convex articular surface
- concave articular surface
- joint capsule - A connective tissue capsule surrounding the synovial joint. It contains synovial fluid.
- synovial joint cavity - It is filled with synovial fluid, which lubricates and reduces friction in the joint.
- cartilage - Very durable, it covers joint surfaces and it is protected against friction by synovial fluid.
- fibular collateral ligament
- tibial collateral ligament - It is prone to injury among athletes. As opposed to the anterior cruciate ligament, it often recovers easily, without requiring surgery. Ligaments connect bones with other bones, they are made up of connective tissue.
- anterior cruciate ligament - It is the knee ligament most often injured among athletes. Its injury usually requires surgery followed by a long recovery period. Ligaments connect bones with other bones, they are made up of connective tissue.
- posterior cruciate ligament
- patellar ligament
Bones of the lower limbs are connected to the trunk by the pelvis.
Bones of the upper limbs form the pectoral girdle and the arms.
Our body´s internal support structure to which skeletal muscles are attached.
The knee joint is made up by the femur, the tibia and the kneecap.
The ribs, the sternum and the spinal column form the skeleton of the chest.
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Synovial joints can be categorised by the direction of movement they allow.
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