The Battle of Jutland (1916)

The Battle of Jutland (1916)

The naval battle fought by the British Navy against the German Navy was the largest sea battle in World War I.

History

Keywords

Battle of Jutland, naval battle, Beatty, von Hipper, Jellicoe, battleship, fleet, world war, cruiser, German, British, battle, lead ship, commander, Germans, history

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Scenes

Approach route

  • British Grand Fleet
  • British Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • German Main Fleet
  • German Battle Cruiser Fleet

Site of the battle

  • Admiral Jellicoe´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Beatty´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Hipper´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Scheer´s Battle Cruiser Fleet

German fleet

  • Admiral Hipper´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Scheer´s Battle Cruiser Fleet

British fleet

  • Admiral Jellicoe´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Beatty´s Battle Cruiser Fleet

Events of the battle

  • Admiral Jellicoe´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Beatty´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Hipper´s Battle Cruiser Fleet
  • Admiral Scheer´s Battle Cruiser Fleet

Narration

Stage 1 (1 June 1916, 15:20)

At the beginning of the battle, the two scouting cruiser fleets clashed. Admiral Beatty´s 6 cruisers and Admiral von Hipper´s 5 cruisers opened fire at 15:20. The Germans sank 2 British cruisers and might have destroyed the entire fleet.

Stage 2 (1 June 1916, late afternoon)

Beatty´s damaged squadron was saved by the arrival of the Grand Fleet, under Jellicoe´s command. As soon as Von Hipper saw the overpowering British forces, he gave up chasing the British cruisers. The British fleet sailed southwards and attempted to surround the German fleet, now completed with the German Main fleet under Scheer´s command.

Stage 3 (1 June 1916, evening)

The British fleet moved further south, in order to gain a strategic advantage. The German fleet attempted to break through the British line twice - unsuccessfully. Despite the risky German manoeuvres, the British fleet suffered greater losses.

Stage 4 (1 June 1916, night)

After nightfall, Scheer turned towards the north, so when the German fleet attacked the British fleet (still moving south) for the third time, they were successful against the weaker, northern end of the British line. They caused serious damage to the British fleet while losing only one battleship themselves. Although the result was indecisive, the Germans claimed a tactical victory, due to the British losses.

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