Slavic warriors

Slavic warriors

Slavic warriors were greatly respected throughout Europe in the Middle Ages.



szláv, fighter, warriors, history of lifestyles, Middle Ages, population, armed, weapon, spear, clothing, history, warfare, Europe

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  • Which was NOT part of an early medieval Slavic cavalryman's equipment?
  • Which was NOT part of an early medieval Slavic infantryman's equipment?
  • Which was not typical of medieval Slavic warriors?
  • Is it true that Slavic military tactics were affected by both Eastern and Western influences?
  • Which tactic was typical of medieval Slavic warriors?
  • From whom did the Slavs learn how to make siege engines?
  • Is it true that the medieval Slavic cavalry was not effective in open battles?
  • Is it true that medieval Slavic warriors were unknown to Western Europe?
  • In which part of Medieval Europe did the Slavs live?
  • The lifestyle of Slavic warriors was similar to which people?
  • Which people’s effective use of the bow and the cavalry did the Slavs adopt?
  • Which of the following was NOT part of a Slavic cavalryman's riding equipment in the 9th century?


Slavic warriors

Slavic warriors were equally respected and dreaded throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. According to contemporary sources, these tall and strong men were quick-thinking and merciless warriors.

Slavic warriors lived in close-knit groups; they were known for their Spartan lifestyle.

Their equipment changed from time to time as a result of continuous improvement and innovation. The most important consideration in designing new weapons was to preserve the warriors' mobility.

Due to geographical characteristics, there were both Western and Eastern elements in the military tactics and equipment of Slavic warriors. From the Steppe nomads they learnt archery (the use of three-bladed arrowheads) and the utilisation of cavalry in battles, while their siege engines were modelled on the Byzantine design

Initially, their tactics were based on focused surprise attacks which required the mobility of smaller units. This type of warfare remained dominant even after the formation of the Slavic states. According to historical sources, the Slavs were excellent at coordinating the actions of the archers, the cavalry and the infantry.


  • spear
  • helmet
  • chain mail
  • sword
  • dagger
  • shield

The animation presents a 9–11th century infantryman.

In this period, the most important items of an infantryman's light equipment were a spear and a straight sword. The equipment also included a bow and arrows, a battle axe, a dagger and a mace. Infantrymen protected their bodies with a characteristic, round shield. Their protective clothing included a chain mail and a helmet.


  • chain mail
  • shield
  • sword
  • spur
  • dagger

The animation presents a 9th century cavalryman.

In this period, the most important item of a cavalryman's light equipment was a straight sword. Cavalrymen protected their bodies with a characteristic, round shield and chain mail.

The cavalry has always been an important part of Slavic warfare. It was just as efficient in open battles as in raids. Cavalrymen probably played a key role in the success of the Slavic expansion.

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