Roman soldier (1st century BC)

Roman soldier (1st century BC)

Mercenaries of the ancient Roman army were well-trained and well equipped with the most up-to-date weapons.

History

Keywords

mercenary, mercenary army, legionary, Rome, Római Birodalom, soldier, warfare, weapon, sword, shield, spear, armament, breastplate, helmet, clothing, sarcina, antiquity, Marius' Mule, equipment, tent, camp

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Questions

  • How many soldiers made up a Roman legion after the military reform of Gaius Marius?
  • How many cohorts made up a Roman legion after the military reform of Gaius Marius?
  • How many soldiers made up a Roman cohort after the military reform of Gaius Marius?
  • Is it true that Marius allowed even unpropertied citizens to become mercenaries?
  • Is it true that before the military reform of Marius, recruitment in the army was dependent on the property one owned?
  • What was the annual wage of a legionary during the reign of Augustus?
  • What were the soldiers awarded at the end of their military service?
  • When did the military reform of Gaius Marius take place?
  • Which of these was established by Augustus?
  • What was the symbol of the legions after the military reform of\nGaius Marius?
  • Is it true that the Roman legions were made up only of infantry?
  • What distinguished legions from each other?
  • What was not characteristic of the Roman legions?
  • It it true that Roman legionaries had poor, low-level training?
  • Which of these was NOT an offensive weapon used by Roman legionaries?
  • Which of these was NOT a defensive weapon used by Roman legionaries?
  • Which footwear did Roman legionaries use?
  • Which of these was NOT part of the march equipment carried by an avarage legionary?
  • What does the term decimatio mean?
  • What does SPQR stand for?
  • What was the average weight of the equipment carried by a roman legionary?
  • What were legionaries who served their time called?
  • On average, how many years did a legionary serve?
  • Who constituted the bulk of the Roman army before the military reform of Gaius Marius?
  • Which activity did legionaries NOT carry on in times of peace?
  • Is it true that carts were used to transport soldiers from one camp to another?

Scenes

Roman soldiers

  • helmet - galea
  • body armour - lorica segmentata
  • javelin - pilum
  • short sword - gladius
  • dagger - pugio
  • shield - scutum
  • military insignia - vexillum
  • tunic - tunica

Equipment

  • furca (pole)
  • leather satchel - loculus
  • leather military sandals - caligae
  • hoe - ligo
  • stake - sudis
  • pickaxe - dolabra
  • wicker basket
  • pot - situla
  • canteen
  • short sword - gladius
  • dagger - pugio
  • javelin - pilum
  • leather tent - papilio

Equip the soldier!

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