Pyramid of Djoser (Saqqara, 27th century BC)

Pyramid of Djoser (Saqqara, 27th century BC)

The step pyramid, built in the 27th century BC, was the first pyramid in Egypt.

History

Keywords

Djoser, Egypt, pharaoh, Saqqara, pyramid, burial, memorial, tomb complex, Imhotep, World Heritage, church, Cairo, burial chamber, edifice, Necropolis, temple district, dynasty, ruler, antiquity, history

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Scenes

Pharaoh Djoser's tomb complex

  • enclosure wall
  • South Tomb
  • heb-sed court
  • entrance
  • step pyramid
  • Mortuary Temple
  • trench

Step pyramid

Cross-section

Animation

Time travel

Shafts

  • burial chamber
  • maze of burial chambers
  • central shaft
  • shafts
  • second stepped corridor
  • original stepped corridor

Narration

Part of the Giza region, Saqqara is located 30 km from the Egyptian capital of Cairo. The little village has been famous worldwide due to its location near the cemetery (or necropolis) of Memphis, the ancient capital. Pharaohs from the second to the eighteenth dynasties were buried there.

Among the rulers based in Seqqara, Djoser is a prominent figure, as the pyramid built for him is one of ancient Egypt’s most renowned monuments.

Besides this spectacular and monumental work, other buildings were also raised in the mortuary complex, the Pharaohs’ pyramid area, which is 1645 m long and 10.5 m high is encircled by a limestone wall. The entrance to the complex was marked by a gate made up of 40 huge columns.

The so-called step pyramid is also known as the first Egyptian pyramid.

The architect and supervisor of the works was Imhotep. The base of the pyramid is a mastaba, a tomb with sloping walls. In the opinion of archaeologists, construction was carried out in six phases.

Interestingly, some of the phases do not suggest continuity. The pyramid was built with the same technique as the tomb, which served as a base. The final result was a massive six-level stone structure.

The structure, which was 125 m wide, 115 m long and 61 m high, remained almost intact for close to 5,000 years, which is also the number of years that have passed since then.

The pyramid had already been robbed in Antiquity, presumably still before its completion. Probably, the mummy of Pharaoh Djoser never rested here; the actual tomb has not yet been discovered. In 1979, the step pyramid of Seqqara became a UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Site.

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