Pteranodon longiceps

Pteranodon longiceps

A prehistoric flying reptile, similar to birds. However, there is no direct evolutionary link between the two.

Biology

Keywords

Pteranodon, dino, dinosaur, prehistoric reptile, pterosaurs, reptiles, fossil, extinct, Cretaceous period, evolution, reconstruction, wing, beak, aerial lifestyle, vertebrates, predator, animal, biology

Related items

Scenes

Pteranodons in their habitat

On the rocks

In flight

Anatomy

  • Wingspan: 7 m
  • Mass: 20 kg
  • fingers
  • hollow, lightweight bones
  • membrane wings
  • bony crest
  • developed brain
  • beak

Skeleton

Reconstruction

Animation

Narration

The Pteranodon longiceps was a flying reptile that existed around 85 million years ago during the late Cretaceous period. The word ‘Pteranodon’ is derived from a composition of the Greek words for wing and toothless.

The reptile’s wingspan reached up to 7 metres; its body length was 1.8 metres while its weight was 20 kilograms.

The Pteranodon longiceps settled along rocky shores, where it fed mainly on fish. Its body was presumably covered with hair, which had a role in thermal insulation, since the animal was warm-blooded. Its well-developed brain, perfect sight and hollow bones assisted it in flying.

Related items

Apatosaurus

Long-necked herbivorous dinosaur with a robust body.

Ammonites

An extinct group of Cephalopoda, with solid external skeletons. They are excellent index fossils.

Carboniferous flora and fauna

This animation presents some animals and plants that lived between the Devonian and Permian periods (358-299 million years ago).

Deinonychus

Deinonychus antirrhopus, the 'terrible claw', was a carnivorous dromaeosaurid dinosaur.

Dodo

The dodo is an extinct species of birds that used to be native to the island of Mauritius. It has become the symbol of extinction.

Glaciation

The last Ice Age ended about 13 thousand years ago.

Homo erectus

The ‘upright man’ used tools and could set fire.

Ichthyosaur

Fish-like marine dinosaurs which resembled dolphins; a good example of convergent evolution.

Ichthyostega

A prehistoric amphibian and an early representative of the Tetrapods, which became extinct 360 million years ago.

Monsters of the Palaeozoic: sea scorpions

Eurypterids are an extinct group of Palaeozoic aquatic arthropods.

Quetzalcoatlus, a giant pterosaur

Quetzalcoatlus was one of the largest known flying animals of all time.

Stegosaurus

A type of prehistoric reptile having bony plates on its back, which aided thermoregulation.

Tiktaalik

A transitional form between fish and tetrapods, or four-limbed vertebrates.

Tyrannosaurus rex ‘tyrant lizard’

Large carnivores, perhaps the best known of dinosaurs.

Triceratops

A type of herbivorous dinosaur easily recognisable by its large frill and three horns which lived in the Cretaceous period.

Trilobites

The ancestors of Arachnida and Crustacea belonged to the class Trilobita.

West Indian Ocean coelacanth

Living fossil, important stage in the evolution of tetrapods.

Woolly mammoth

Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.

Common European viper

A species of venomous snakes widespread in Europe. Its bite is rarely fatal to humans.

European pond turtle

The animation shows the anatomy of turtles.

Grass snake

A type of snake with a characteristic spot on its neck.

Veiled chameleon

Chameleons are reptiles with an ability to change their colours.

Archaeopteryx

The archaeopteryx shows characteristics of both birds and reptiles. It is probably the ancestor of birds.

Continental drift on a geological timescale

The Earth's continents have been in constant motion during the history of the planet.

Added to your cart.