Parts of the human brain

Parts of the human brain

The main parts of the human brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the cerebrum, which is divided into lobes.

Biology

Keywords

brain, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, brain stem, cerebrum, medulla oblongata, mesencephalon, cerebral hemisphere, bridge, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, temporal lobe, corpus callosum, thalamus, lobe, spinal cord, human, biology

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Questions

  • cerebellum
  • brain stem and diencephalon
  • corpus callosum
  • right frontal lobe
  • right occipital lobe
  • right temporal lobe
  • left occipital lobe
  • right parietal lobe
  • left temporal lobe
  • left frontal lobe
  • left parietal lobe

Scenes

Human brain

  • left frontal lobe
  • right frontal lobe
  • Sylvian fissure
  • right temporal lobe
  • left temporal lobe
  • brain stem
  • cerebellum
  • left occipital lobe
  • right occipital lobe
  • left parietal lobe
  • right parietal lobe
  • central sulcus

Parts of the brain

  • left frontal lobe
  • right frontal lobe
  • right temporal lobe
  • left temporal lobe
  • brain stem
  • cerebellum
  • left occipital lobe
  • right occipital lobe
  • left parietal lobe
  • right parietal lobe
  • corpus callosum
  • diencephalon

Brain stem and diencephalon

Cerebellum

The ventricular system and the basal ganglia

Section

Related items

The human brain

The main parts of the human brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the cerebrum.

Cortical organisation of speech

Producing speech requires the synchronised operation of several cortical centres.

Nervous system

The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system consists of nerves and ganglia.

Neurons, nervous tissue

Neurons are cells specialised for transmitting electric signals.

The ventricular system and the main brain regions

This animation demonstrates the internal structure of the brain.

Anatomy of the spinal cord

The spinal cord is the part of the central nervous system running inside the spinal column from which spinal nerves branch out.

Bones of the lower limbs

Bones of the lower limbs are connected to the trunk by the pelvis.

Bones of the upper limbs

Bones of the upper limbs form the pectoral girdle and the arms.

Human body (male)

This animation introduces the most important organ systems of the human body.

Hypothalamic-pituitary axis

The Hypothalamic-pituitary axis is the regulating centre of our endocrine system.

Knee joint

The knee joint is made up by the femur, the tibia and the kneecap.

Limbic system

The limbic system plays an important role in forming emotions and in learning.

Medical conditions of the spine

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a lateral deviation.

Patellar reflex

The reflex triggered by the stretching of the thigh extensor muscle is the patellar reflex.

Synaptic transmission

Neurons transmit electrical signals via chemical and electrical synapses.

The adrenal glands

The adrenal glands are responsible for maintaining homeostasis and producing a rapid response in stressful situations.

The ear and the mechanism of hearing

The ear converts the vibrations of air into electric signals which are then processed by the brain.

The skull and the spine

The two main parts of the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord are protected by the skull and the spinal column.

Types of bone articulations

Human bones are joined together by cartilaginous or synovial joints, sutures or they can fuse together.

Vertebrate brain evolution

During the evolution of vertebrates the relative development of brain areas has changed.

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