Ötzi, the Iceman

Ötzi, the Iceman

The mummified body of a man who probably lived in the Chalcolithic period, was found in one of the glaciers of the Alps.

History

Keywords

Ötzi, iceman, mummy, preserved body, The Alps, glacier, Austria, Italy, Bolzano, Chalcolithic, hunter, device, weapon, clothing, lifestyle, research, history, academic source

Related items

Questions

  • What material was Ötzi’s axe head made of?
  • Which of these items did Ötzi NOT wear?
  • Which weapon did Ötzi NOT use?
  • In which year was Ötzi found?
  • Which of the following is another name Ötzi is known by?
  • Is it true that Ötzi’s body is the world’s oldest fully preserved corpse.
  • In which mountain was Ötzi found?
  • Which material was NOT among the materials of Ötzi’s clothes and tools?
  • Is it true that Ötzi and his contemporaries did not know how to make a fire?
  • In the museum of which city is Ötzi displayed?
  • Who is the oldest of the following people?
  • Who found Ötzi’s body?
  • At the border of which two countries was Ötzi found?
  • Approximately how many years ago did Ötzi live?
  • Approximately how old was Ötzi when he died?
  • In which (archaeological) period did Ötzi live?
  • What preserved Ötzi’s body so that it was found almost completely intact?

Scenes

Ötzi, the Iceman

Clothes

  • cloak - It was woven from dried grass.
  • arrow quiver - It was made of leather and served to store arrows.
  • arrows - The shafts were made of the shoots of viburnum sapwood, arrowheads from flint. The arrowheads were glued to the shafts with a birch tar.
  • bow - It was hewn from the trunk of a yew tree. It was about 180 cm long and its range was about 30–50 m.
  • Ötzi - The Iceman, or the Man from Hauslabjoch lived about 5,300 years ago in the early Copper Age. His mummy was found on 19 September 1991 in the Ötztal Alps, near Hauslabjoch, on the border between Austria and Italy, at an altitude of 3,210 m. He is the world's oldest fully preserved mummy. When he died, he was probably about 45 years old and 158 cm tall and weighed about 50 kg.
  • cap - It was made of bearskin, with a leather strap attached to it.
  • axe - The 9.5 cm long head was made of copper and fixed to a 60 cm long wooden haft.
  • leggings - These were worn on the legs, tied with leather straps.
  • shoes - They were made using bearskin for the soles and deer hide for the top. Hay was wrapped around the foot in the shoe which served as insulation and padding.

Quiz

Axe

Animation

  • cloak - It was woven from dried grass.
  • arrow quiver - It was made of leather and served to store arrows.
  • arrows - The shafts were made of the shoots of viburnum sapwood, arrowheads from flint. The arrowheads were glued to the shafts with a birch tar.
  • bow - It was hewn from the trunk of a yew tree. It was about 180 cm long and its range was about 30–50 m.
  • Ötzi - The Iceman, or the Man from Hauslabjoch lived about 5,300 years ago in the early Copper Age. His mummy was found on 19 September 1991 in the Ötztal Alps, near Hauslabjoch, on the border between Austria and Italy, at an altitude of 3,210 m. He is the world's oldest fully preserved mummy. When he died, he was probably about 45 years old and 158 cm tall and weighed about 50 kg.
  • cap - It was made of bearskin, with a leather strap attached to it.
  • axe - The 9.5 cm long head was made of copper and fixed to a 60 cm long wooden haft.
  • leggings - These were worn on the legs, tied with leather straps.
  • shoes - They were made using bearskin for the soles and deer hide for the top. Hay was wrapped around the foot in the shoe which served as insulation and padding.

Narration

In 1991, two tourists discovered a body in a glacier while hiking in the Ötztal Alps, at the border of Austria and Italy. After the body was examined, it turned out that it was the mummified body of a man who probably died in the Chalcolithic period, about 5,300 years ago.

The body was preserved by the ice and it only reached the surface after the glacier melted. It is the world’s oldest fully preserved mummy.
The mummy was named Ötzi, but he is also called the Iceman or the Man from Hauslabjoch. At the time of his death, he was probably about 45 years old and 158 cm tall and weighed about 50 kg, which was probably the average at that time.

The mummy is now displayed in a special environment at the Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano, South Tyrol, Italy. In the past few years, numerous research groups have examined this unique finding. Ötzi’s body, the remains of his clothes and his tools all serve as important sources of information for researchers of the Chalcolithic period.

Related items

From the Stone Age to the Iron Age

This animation demonstrates the development of the axe throughout archaeological periods.

The spread of Homo sapiens on Earth

The 'wise man' originated in Africa and dispersed throughout most of the continents.

Hunebeds

These special dolmens located in present-day Netherlands were built about 5,000 years ago.

Icebergs

Icebergs are blocks of frozen freshwater floating in the sea.

Megalithic cultures in Europe

Structures consisting of enormous stone blocks, dating back thousands of years, are monuments of megalithic cultures.

Archaeological excavation (pit house)

Large construction sites provide archaeologists searching for artefacts with a great deal of work.

Neolithic settlements

As a result of the revolutionary advances in the Neolithic, settling human communities established the first lasting settlements.

Palaeolithic cave

The first dwellings in human history provide a lot of information about the lifestyle of our ancestors.

Venus figurines

These Palaeolithic statuettes probably symbolise fertility and prosperity.

Homo erectus

The ‘upright man’ used tools and could set fire.

Human evolution

The brain and skull underwent significant changes during human evolution.

Stonehenge (Great Britain, Bronze Age)

The world famous monument in England still poses mysteries for archaeologist.

Woolly mammoth

Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.

Added to your cart.