Namdaemun (Seoul, South Korea, 14th c.)

Namdaemun (Seoul, South Korea, 14th c.)

Designated as the first National Treasure of South Korea, the Namdaemun was one of the major gateways of Seoul's Medieval city walls.

Visual Arts

Keywords

Namdaemun, fortress, defensive wall, main gate, gate, Seoul, Korea, South Korea, monument, architecture, building, East, fortification, soldier, Middle Ages, history of art, 14th century

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Questions

  • Which country is the Namdaemun located in?
  • Which city is the Namdaemun located in?
  • What does the name Namdaemun mean in English?
  • Which continent is the Namdaemun located on?
  • What was the length of the fortress wall of Seoul?
  • How high was the fortress wall of Seoul?
  • What material was the fortress wall of Seoul constructed of?
  • Why did the top of the Namdaemun burn down in 2008?
  • When was the Namdaemun built?
  • Is it true that the Namdaemun was the oldest wooden structure before the fire of 2008?
  • What does the roof structure of the Namdaemun resemble?
  • What did the Namdaemun serve as?
  • In which place is the Namdaemun on the list of National Treasures of South Korea?
  • What is the roof of the Namdaemun covered with?
  • What material was the roof structure of the Namdaemun built of?
  • How many levels does the top of the Namdaemun consist of?
  • Is it true that the Namdaemun is the largest gate ever built in South Korea?
  • What equipment did the guards of the gates NOT have?
  • What is the official name of the Namdaemun?

Scenes

Seoul

  • Seoul
  • fortress wall - Measuring about 18 km in length and 6 m in height, it surrounded 14th-century Seoul (known as Hanyang at that time).
  • gateway - Officially called Sungnyemun, it was one of the historical entrances located in the fortress wall of 14th-century Seoul. It is the largest entrance building in the history of South Korea.

Fortress wall

Guards

  • bow
  • arrows
  • crescent-shaped blade
  • arrow quiver
  • bow quiver
  • sword

Tiled roof

Gateway

  • gate
  • fortress wall
  • wooden structure - Before the fire in 2008, it was the oldest structure made from this material in Seoul.
  • tiled roof - Two-tiered, pagoda-styled tiled covering. Its four corners have hip rafters attached to them.

Animation

  • gate
  • fortress wall
  • wooden structure - Before the fire in 2008, it was the oldest structure made from this material in Seoul.
  • tiled roof - Two-tiered, pagoda-styled tiled covering. Its four corners have hip rafters attached to them.
  • bow
  • arrows
  • crescent-shaped blade
  • arrow quiver
  • bow quiver
  • sword

Narration

In the Middle Ages, Seoul, now the capital of South Korea, was surrounded by a fortress wall. It measured about 18 km in length and 6 m in height.

There were several gateways built along the length, the most important of which was the Namdaemun, the Great Southern Gate, officially called Sungnyemun. It is the largest gate in the history of the country.

The gate structure has a two-tiered, tiled wooden roof, with a shape similar to a pagoda. The four corners of the roof have hip rafters attached to them.

Like other important gateways and palaces, the Namdaemun was defended by well-trained guards. They wore a special colourful uniform and carried a special axe with a crescent-shaped blade, a sword and a bow.

Before a devastating fire in 2008, the Namdaemun was the oldest wooden structure in Seoul. Since then it has been rebuilt to its original form. This grand piece of art has been designated as South Korea's National Treasure number 1.

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