Life on the farm (Hungary)

Life on the farm (Hungary)

Farming consists of special agricultural activities.

Geography

Keywords

farm, agriculture, settlement, scattered settlement, stable, maize loft, storehouse, dwelling, geography

Related items

Scenes

Area

  • cart track
  • field
  • canal
  • alfalfa field
  • field
  • vineyard
  • farmer´s own field
  • orchard
  • house
  • well
  • vegetable garden
  • haystacks
  • agricultural part

The animation features a typical Hungarian farmstead.

Situated on the outskirts of towns or villages, or scattered throughout rural areas, farmsteads are isolated settlements comprising one solitary house, or a small group of houses and the farm buildings around these.

They mostly evolved from temporary dwellings or farms. With the population increasing in the plains of Hungary in the 18th century, the role of settlements and their surrounding fields changed.

More and more shelters were built in the yards of village houses. The former farmyards were squeezed out to the periphery and more and more houses were built near fields and pastures.

Initially, only male family members worked on farmsteads. They farmed the land during agricultural seasons and cared for the animals during the winter months. Later, all the family members would move here for the busiest time of the year for farmers, but they would still spend the winter in their homes in villages.
From the beginning of the 19th century an ever-increasing number of families moved to farmsteads permanently. Consequently, farmsteads became a permanent place to live and work.

People made a living from farming the land around their house and on the surrounding fields.

Beside the main building, farmsteads consisted of many other facilities essential for everyday life and work on the farm: fields, vegetable gardens, orchards, wells, forage storehouses, maize loft (for storing ears of maize), straw stacks, maize stooks, stables and pens, sheds (for farming tools and carts).

Main building

Farm buildings

  • stable
  • stook
  • pigsty
  • storehouse
  • maize loft
  • shed

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