Life on the farm (Hungary)
Farming consists of special agricultural activities.
farm, agriculture, settlement, scattered settlement, stable, maize loft, storehouse, dwelling, geography
- cart track
- alfalfa field
- farmer´s own field
- vegetable garden
- agricultural part
The animation features a typical Hungarian farmstead.
Situated on the outskirts of towns or villages, or scattered throughout rural areas, farmsteads are isolated settlements comprising one solitary house, or a small group of houses and the farm buildings around these.
They mostly evolved from temporary dwellings or farms. With the population increasing in the plains of Hungary in the 18th century, the role of settlements and their surrounding fields changed.
More and more shelters were built in the yards of village houses. The former farmyards were squeezed out to the periphery and more and more houses were built near fields and pastures.
Initially, only male family members worked on farmsteads. They farmed the land during agricultural seasons and cared for the animals during the winter months. Later, all the family members would move here for the busiest time of the year for farmers, but they would still spend the winter in their homes in villages.
From the beginning of the 19th century an ever-increasing number of families moved to farmsteads permanently. Consequently, farmsteads became a permanent place to live and work.
People made a living from farming the land around their house and on the surrounding fields.
Beside the main building, farmsteads consisted of many other facilities essential for everyday life and work on the farm: fields, vegetable gardens, orchards, wells, forage storehouses, maize loft (for storing ears of maize), straw stacks, maize stooks, stables and pens, sheds (for farming tools and carts).
- maize loft
Small farms usually located near the border of rural towns, inhabited by peasants.
The structure and density of farms and villages depend on the geographical features of the region.
This animation presents the regions, counties and cities of Hungary.
Central European farmhouses in the 19th century had characteristic interior and exterior.
Farming techniques evolved with the development of human civilisation in the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.
Foresters adjusted their lifestyle to the forest environment.
Domesticated animals and crops originate from various parts of the world.
Farmhouses in the Middle Ages were simple, single-storey structures built from earth, mud and wood.
Combine harvesters are machines that harvest and thresh grain crops.