Layers of forests

The layers of different types of forests may vary.

Related extras

A close-up view of the pine family

There are around 220 species in the family Pinaceae. Let’s take a look at some of them.

The pine family

Members of pine family compromise 30% of the world's forests. Although globally widespread, they...


One of the most important monocot crops.

The English oak

The most widespread tree species in temperate forests. It grows slowly. Its timber is popular in...

The European beech

The term beech is used for several species of trees growing from North America to Asia, i.e. all...

Garlic mustard

A plant species widespread in Europe and North America. It is rather invasive in places where it...

Reed and bulrush

Cosmopolitan monocots inhabiting watersides.


Mosses are land plants, but most of them prefer moist habitats.

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