Daedalus and Icarus

Daedalus and Icarus

An ancient Greek myth about the tragedy of father and son who wanted to flee the island of Crete.

Lower Grades - Mother Tongue

Keywords

Daedalus, Icarus, aviation, legend, Greek, antiquity, mythology, Minotaur, maze, Crete

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Scenes

Preparing for the flight

Flight of Daedalus

Flight and fall of Icarus

Bird’s eye view

Animation

Narration

Daedalus, the creator of the Cretan labyrinth, gave advice to Ariadne on how she could free Theseus from the maze after he had killed the Minotaur. For this, King Minos locked Daedalus and his son Icarus in the labyrinth.
They managed to escape, however, by bribing the guards, but they could not leave the island by boat.

Daedalus, who had studied the flight of birds, decided to fabricate wings.
He collected feathers, tied them together with string and glued them with honey and wax.
He attached the wings to his son and to himself so that they could reach the island of Sicily by air.
He taught Icarus how to use the wings and warned him not to fly too high, because the heat of the Sun would melt the honey and the wax, nor too low, because the crest of the waves would soak the feathers.

At first it seemed that his plan was working, but Icarus, intoxicated by the experience of flying, neglected his father’s warning. He did not follow Daedalus, but flew higher and higher, closer to the Sun. Its heat soon melted the honey and the wax, and the wings disintegrated. Icarus started to fall and desperately cried for his father, who could not save him. He then fell to his death into the sea, where his body was later found by Heracles.
The sea in which he fell bears his name today: the Icarian Sea. Daedalus’s wings remained intact, and he arrived safely in Sicily.

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