Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction

Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction

During the substitution reaction the hydrogen atoms of methane are substituted with chlorine atoms, the by-product is hydrogen chloride.

Chemistry

Keywords

methane, substitution reaction, single displacement reaction, chlorine molecule, chemical reaction, alkane, hydrocarbon, chloromethane, dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, carbon tetrachloride, methane molecule, chloromethane molecule, hydrogen chloride molecule, dichloromethane molecule, trichloromethane molecule, tetrachloromethane molecule, chlorine radical, chloroform, alkyl halide, reaction type, ultraviolet radiation, decomposition, homolytic bond rupture, heat transfer, by-product, reaction mechanism, radical, organic chemistry, chemistry

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Methane (CH₄)

The first member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄)

Colourless, toxic liquid with a sweet odour.

Dichloromethane (CH₂Cl₂)

It is produced by treating methane with chlorine gas and used as a solvent.

Trichloromethane, chloroform (CHCl₃)

Also known as chloroform, used as a solvent in laboratories, earlier as an anaesthetic.

Bromofluorochloromethane (CHClBrF)

The molecule has two enantiomers: stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other and are not superimposable.

Chlorine (Cl₂)

A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.

Chloromethane (methyl-chloride) (CH₃Cl)

Chloromethane can be prepared by heating a mixture of methane and chlorine.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

A colourless gas with a pungent odour, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.

Methyl formate (C₂H₄O₂)

The ester of formic acid and methanol, an aroma compound found in certain fruits.

Addition

Addition is a reaction in which the molecules of two or more substances unite without the formation of a by-product.

Reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid

The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.

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