Arab Caliph (7th century)
Caliphs, considered successors of the Prophet Muhammad, were the most important religious leaders of Islam.
Arab caliph, caliph, Muhammad, religious leader, Islam, Arabic, church, religion, Middle Ages, clothing, place of residence
- Between which continents is the Arabian Peninsula located?
- Which animal was generally used in Medieval Arabian trade for transport?
- What is the climate like in (most of) the Arabian Peninsula?
- Which is NOT one of the sciences developed and brought to Europe by Arab scholars?
- What is NOT one of the stops of the Islam pilgrimage, the Hajj?
- What made the Black Stone of the Kaaba turn from white to black (according to legend)?
- Where is the Kaaba located?
- What is the name of God in Islam?
- Which city became the new centre of the caliphate after the death of Muhammad?
- Is it true that Islam is a polytheist religion?
- Is it true that Muhammad as a prophet unified the nomadic tribes of the Arabian Peninsula?
- What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
- What is NOT one of the five pillars of Islam?
- What does the religious term ‘Islam’ mean?
- Why is the year 622 AD important?
- When did Muhammad and his family flee to Medina?
- Who was the founder of Islam?
- Where was Muhammad born?
- What does the word ‘caliph’ mean?
- Which sea is situated between Africa and Asia?
- Which trade route crossed the Arabian Peninsula, parallel to the Red Sea?
- Is it true that tribes living on the Arabian Peninsula led a nomadic lifestyle?
- What do we call an ‘island in the desert’, with its own water supply, flora and fauna?
- What was the main economic activity of tribes living on the Arabian Peninsula?
- Which of these words mean ‘serving and protecting the Islam faith’
- Which continent was not conquered by caliphs?
- How old was Muhammad at the time of his first revelation?
- Which religion was not known to Muhammad?
Inside the room
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Located in the Grand Mosque of Makkah, the Kaaba shrine is the most sacred site of Islam.
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The Emperor of the vast Far-Eastern empire was the lord of life and death.
The round tower of the largest fort in the Arabian Peninsula had an ingenious defence system.
The name of this magnificent palace complex originates in Arabic and means 'the red one'.
A medieval glider constructed by Abbas Ibn Firnas.
The medieval Arab inventor, Hassan Al Rammah designed the world's first operating torpedo.
The ingenius water pump designed by Al-Jazari is a great example of the creativity of Medieval Arab engineers.
Egyptian Pharaohs were respected as gods, they were lords of life and death.
Maharajas were Hindu rulers of large regions of India.
The ruler of the vast Mongol Empire was the Khan.
The leader of the Ottoman Empire was the Sultan, the lord of life and death.
The palace of Charlemagne was not only the centre of his empire, but also a centre of culture.
Medieval Syrian water wheels were used to convey water to distant areas.
The best-known piece of the Hungarian Crown Jewels is the Holy Crown.
The largest type of Arab sailboat, most commonly used as trading vessels in the Persian Gulf.